Differences between solids and fluids

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The differences between the behaviours of solids and fluids under an applied force are as follows:

  1. For a solid, the strain is a function of the applied stress, providing that the elastic limit is not exceeded. For a fluid, the rate of strain is proportional to the applied stress.
  2. The strain in a solid is independent of the time over which the force is applied and, if the elastic limit is not exceeded, the deformation disappears when the force is removed. A fluid continues to flow as long as the force is applied and will not recover its original form when the force is removed.

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Last Modified on: 14-Sep-2014

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