5HA - Organic Chemical Technology - October 1997

Part A (20 x 2 = 40 Marks)

  1. Why beating is required in the manufacture of pulp?
  2. Mention the steps involved in the manufacture of sugar
  3. What are the uses of bagasse?
  4. What are the industrial applications of starch?
  5. Name four industrial fermentation products
  6. What is meant by hydrogenation in oil and fat industry?
  7. What are soaps and detergents?
  8. What are the uses of fatty acids?
  9. What are the byproducts from natural gasoline?
  10. What are heavy distillates?
  11. What are the characteristics of petroleum refining?
  12. What is meant by catalytic reforming?
  13. How are plastics classified?
  14. What are the ways in which polymerization takes place?
  15. Name three synthetic fibers
  16. Give one example of polyester
  17. Name three synthetic rubbers
  18. Name two tanning processes in leather industry
  19. Vegetable tanning is used for what type of materials?
  20. Classify the dyes
  21. Part B (5 x 12 = 60 Marks)

  22. (a) Describe the manufacture of sulphate pulp including black liquor recovery
  23. Or

    (b) Discuss the various gasification processes of coal with neat diagram

  24. (a) Describe the manufacture of industrial alcohol from molasses with the help of a flow chart
  25. Or

    (b) What is soap? How is soap manufactured?

  26. (a) Discuss the products obtained from the refining of petroleum and indicate their commercial uses
  27. Or

    (b) What is sweetening? List the different sweetening treatments used in petroleum processing. Discuss any one method in detail

  28. (a) What are plastics? What are the basic differences between thermoplastic, thermosetting and elastomer resins. Give examples
  29. Or

    (b) (i) Discuss about different types of resins

    (ii) Describe the manufacture of phenol-formaldehyde resin with a neat flow diagram (5 + 7)

  30. (a) Describe the viscose process for the manufacture of Rayon fiber indicating in detail the steps involved
  31. Or

    (b) (i) Compare natural and synthetic rubbers

    (ii) How is natural rubber prepared? What are its important properties (6 + 6)