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**Unit-I**

- Introduction
- Types of fluids:
- Newtonian & non-Newtonian fluids
- Compressible & incompressible fluids

- Physical properties:
- Fluid statics:
- Pressure Measurement
- Buoyancy - principles
- Units and Dimensions
- Similitude
and model studies:
- Kinematic and dynamic similarities
- DimensionalAnalysis:
- Rayleigh's method
- Buckingham pi method
- Important DimensionlessNumbers

**Unit -II**

- Fluid
flow:
- Stream line
- Stream tube
- Steady & Uniform flows
- One-dimensional & multidimensional flow
- Equation of continuity
- Energy equation - Bernoulli's equation
- Momentum equation
- Toricellie equation
- Trajectory of a liquid-jet issued upwards in the atmosphere
- Trajectory of a jet issued from an orifice at the side of a tank
- Water Hammer
- Laminar and Turbulent flow

- Boundary layer concepts:
- Introduction
- Development of boundary layer for flow over a flat plate
- Development of boundary layer for flow through circular pipe
- Entry length
- Fully developed flow
- Boundary layer separation

- Flow of incompressible fluid in pipes:
- Laminar flow
- Hagen Poiseuille equation
- Friction factor
- Pressure drop in turbulent flow
- Velocity Distribution for turbulent flow
- Surface roughness
- Flow through non-circular pipes
- Flow through curved pipes
- Expansion losses
- Contraction losses
- Losses for flow through fittings
- Equivalent length of pipe fittings

- Types of flow problems
- Compressible fluid flow:
- Equations of compressible flow
- Velocity of sound in fluid
- Mach number
- Nozzles & diffusers
- Maximum velocity

- Two dimensional flow:
- Velocity potential
- Potential function
- Irrotational flow

**Unit -III**

- Closed channel flow
measurement:
- Venturi meter
- Orifice meter
- Venturi - Orifice Comparison
- Pitot tube
- Rotameter
- Flow measurement based on Doppler effect
- Hot wire and hot film anemometer
- Magnetic flow meter

- Open channel flow measurement:

**Unit -IV**

- Flow past immersed bodies:
- Form drag
- Wall drag
- Drag coefficients

- Friction in flow through bed of
solids:
- Blake-Kozeny Equation
- Burke-Plummer Equation
- Ergun equation

- Packed Towers:
- Applications
- Various types of packing
- Requirements for a good packing
- Loading and Flooding

- Fluidization:
- Motion of particle through fluid
- Terminal settling velocity
- Operating ranges of fluidization
- Applications of fluidization
- Pneumatic transport

**Unit -V**

- Transportation of
fluids:
- Pump classifications:
- Suction, discharge , net pressure heads, specific speed and power calculations
- NPSH

- Characteristics and constructional details of centrifugal
pumps
- Cavitation
- Priming

- Positive
displacement pumps:
- Piston pumps - single and double acting
- Plunger pumps
- Diaphragm pump

- Rotary pumps
- Airlift pump
- Jet pump
- Selection of pumps
- Fans, blowers, and compressors

**Appendix**