# Fluid Mechanics

 Unit-I Unit -II Unit -III Unit -IV Unit -V 1. Introduction 1. Fluid flow: 1. Closed channel flow measurement: 1. Flow past immersed bodies: 1. Transportation of fluids: Differences between fluid and solid Stream line Venturi meter Form drag Pump classifications: Differences between gas and liquid Stream tube Orifice meter Wall drag Suction, discharge , net pressure heads, specific speed and power calculations 2. Types of fluids: Steady & Uniform flows Venturi - Orifice Comparison Drag coefficients NPSH Newtonian & non-Newtonian fluids One-dimensional & multidimensional flow Pitot tube 2. Friction in flow through bed of solids: 2. Characteristics and constructional details of centrifugal pumps Compressible & incompressible fluids Equation of continuity Rotameter Blake-Kozeny Equation Cavitation 3. Physical properties: Energy equation - Bernoulli's equation Flow measurement based on Doppler effect Burke-Plummer Equation Priming Viscosity Tank training problem Hot wire and hot film anemometer Ergun equation 3. Positive displacement pumps: Vapor pressure Momentum equation Magnetic flow meter 3. Packed Towers: Piston pumps - single and double acting Compressibility and Bulkmodulus Toricellie equation 2. Open channel flow measurement: Applications Plunger pumps Surface tension Trajectory of a liquid-jet issued upwards in the atmosphere Elementary theory of weirs and notches Various types of packing Diaphragm pump Capillarity Trajectory of a jet issued from an orifice at the side of a tank Rectangular notch Requirements for a good packing 4. Rotary pumps Problems - SurfaceTension Water Hammer V-notch Loading and Flooding Gear pumps 4. Fluid statics: Laminar and Turbulent flow Suppressed and contracted weirs 4. Fluidization: Lobe pumps Pascal's law for pressure at a pointin a fluid 2. Boundary layer concepts: Submerged weirs Minimum fluidizing velocity Screw pumps Variation of pressure in a Static fluid Introduction Trapezoidal notch Pressure Drop in Fluidized bed 5. Airlift pump Absolute and gauge pressure,vacuum Development of boundary layer for flow over a flat plate Fluidization Types 6. Jet pump 5. Pressure Measurement Development of boundary layer for flow through circular pipe 5. Motion of particle through fluid 7. Selection of pumps Fluid Pressure Entry length 6. Terminal settling velocity 8. Fans, blowers, and compressors Barometers Fully developed flow 7. Operating ranges of fluidization Appendix Piezo meters Boundary layer separation 8. Applications of fluidization Key Contributors to Fluid Mechanics Manometers: 3. Flow of incompressible fluid in pipes: 9. Pneumatic transport Introduction Laminar flow Simple U-tube manometer Hagen Poiseuille equation Inverted U-tube manometer Friction factor Manometer with one leg enlarged Pressure drop in turbulent flow Two fluid U-tube manometer Velocity Distribution for turbulent flow Inclined U-tube manometer Surface roughness Manometer - limitations Flow through non-circular pipes Pressure gauges - Bourdon gauge Flow through curved pipes 6. Buoyancy - principles Expansion losses 7. Units and Dimensions Contraction losses 8. Similitude and model studies: Losses for flow through fittings Kinematic and dynamic similarities Equivalent length of pipe fittings DimensionalAnalysis: 4. Types of flow problems Rayleigh's method 5. Compressible fluid flow: Buckingham pi method Equations of compressible flow Important DimensionlessNumbers Velocity of sound in fluid Mach number Nozzles & diffusers Maximum velocity 6. Two dimensional flow: Velocity potential Potential function