### Unit-I

Introduction |
Differences between fluid and solid | Differences between gas and liquid | ||||

Types of fluids |
Newtonian & non-Newtonian fluids | Compressible & incompressible fluids | ||||

Physical properties: |
Viscosity | Vapor pressure | Compressibility and Bulkmodulus | Surface tension | Capillarity | Problems - SurfaceTension |

Fluid statics: |
Pascal's law for pressure at a pointin a fluid | Variation of pressure in a Static fluid | Absolute and gauge pressure,vacuum | |||

Pressure Measurement |
Fluid Pressure | Barometers | Piezo meters | Manometers | Introduction | Simple U-tube manometer |

Inverted U-tube manometer | Manometer with one leg enlarged | Two fluid U-tube manometer | Inclined U-tube manometer | Manometer - limitations | Pressure gauges - Bourdon gauge | |

Pressure Measurement |
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Units and Dimensions |
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Similitude and model studies: |
Kinematic and dynamic similarities | DimensionalAnalysis: | Rayleigh's method | Buckingham pi method | ||

Important DimensionlessNumbers | Mach number | Nozzles & diffusers | Maximum velocity | |||

Two dimensional flow |
Velocity potential | Potential function |

### Unit-II

Fluid flow: |
Stream line | Stream tube | Steady & Uniform flows | One-dimensional & multidimensional flow | Equation of continuity | Energy equation - Bernoulli's equation |

Tank training problem | Momentum equation | Toricellie equation | Trajectory of a liquid-jet issued upwards in the atmosphere | Trajectory of a jet issued from an orifice at the side of a tank | Laminar and Turbulent flow | |

Boundary layer concepts: |
Introduction | Development of boundary layer for flow over a flat plate | Development of boundary layer for flow through circular pipe | Entry length | Fully developed flow | Boundary layer separation |

Flow of incompressible fluid in pipes: |
Hagen Poiseuille equation | Friction factor | Pressure drop in turbulent flow | Velocity Distribution for turbulent flow | Surface roughness | Laminar flow |

Flow through non-circular pipes | Flow through curved pipes | Expansion losses | Contraction losses | Losses for flow through fittings | Equivalent length of pipe fittings | |

Types of flow problems |
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Compressible fluid flow: |
Equations of compressible flow | Velocity of sound in fluid |

### Unit-III

Closed channel flow measurement: |
Venturi meter | Orifice meter | Venturi - Orifice Comparison | Pitot tube | ||

Rotameter | Flow measurement based on Doppler effect | Hot wire and hot film anemometer | Magnetic flow meter | |||

Open channel flow measurement: |
Elementary theory of weirs and notches | Rectangular notch | V-notch | Suppressed and contracted weirs | Submerged weirs | Trapezoidal notch and Fluidization Types |

Motion of particle through fluid |
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Terminal settling velocity |
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Operating ranges of fluidization |
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Applications of fluidization |
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Pneumatic transport |

### Unit-IV

Flow past immersed bodies: |
Form drag | Wall drag | Drag coefficients | |||

Friction in flow through bed of solids: |
Blake-Kozeny Equation | Burke-Plummer Equation | Ergun equation | |||

Packed Towers: |
Applications | Various types of packing | Requirements for a good packing | Loading and Flooding | ||

Fluidization: |
Minimum fluidizing velocity | Pressure Drop in Fluidized bed | ||||

Jet pump |
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Selection of pumps |
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Fans, blowers, and compressors |
Appendix | Key Contributors to Fluid Mechanics |

### Unit-V

Transportation of fluids: |
Pump classifications | Suction, discharge , net pressure heads, specific speed and power calculations | NPSH | |||

Characteristics and constructional details of centrifugal pumps |
Cavitation | Priming | ||||

Positive displacement pumps: |
Piston pumps - single and double acting | Plunger pumps | Diaphragm pump | |||

Rotary pumps |
Gear pumps | Lobe pumps | Screw pumps | |||

Airlift pump |