Chemical Engineering Learning Resources

Fluid Mechanics


Introduction Differences between fluid and solid Differences between gas and liquid
Types of fluids Newtonian & non-Newtonian fluids Compressible & incompressible fluids
Physical properties: Viscosity Vapor pressure Compressibility and Bulkmodulus Surface tension Capillarity Problems - SurfaceTension
Fluid statics: Pascal's law for pressure at a pointin a fluid Variation of pressure in a Static fluid Absolute and gauge pressure,vacuum
Pressure Measurement Fluid Pressure Barometers Piezo meters Manometers Introduction Simple U-tube manometer
Inverted U-tube manometer Manometer with one leg enlarged Two fluid U-tube manometer Inclined U-tube manometer Manometer - limitations Pressure gauges - Bourdon gauge
Pressure Measurement
Units and Dimensions
Similitude and model studies: Kinematic and dynamic similarities DimensionalAnalysis: Rayleigh's method Buckingham pi method
Important DimensionlessNumbers Mach number Nozzles & diffusers Maximum velocity
Two dimensional flow Velocity potential Potential function


Fluid flow: Stream line Stream tube Steady & Uniform flows One-dimensional & multidimensional flow Equation of continuity Energy equation - Bernoulli's equation
Tank training problem Momentum equation Toricellie equation Trajectory of a liquid-jet issued upwards in the atmosphere Trajectory of a jet issued from an orifice at the side of a tank Laminar and Turbulent flow
Boundary layer concepts: Introduction Development of boundary layer for flow over a flat plate Development of boundary layer for flow through circular pipe Entry length Fully developed flow Boundary layer separation
Flow of incompressible fluid in pipes: Hagen Poiseuille equation Friction factor Pressure drop in turbulent flow Velocity Distribution for turbulent flow Surface roughness Laminar flow
Flow through non-circular pipes Flow through curved pipes Expansion losses Contraction losses Losses for flow through fittings Equivalent length of pipe fittings
Types of flow problems
Compressible fluid flow: Equations of compressible flow Velocity of sound in fluid


Closed channel flow measurement: Venturi meter Orifice meter Venturi - Orifice Comparison Pitot tube
Rotameter Flow measurement based on Doppler effect Hot wire and hot film anemometer Magnetic flow meter
Open channel flow measurement: Elementary theory of weirs and notches Rectangular notch V-notch Suppressed and contracted weirs Submerged weirs Trapezoidal notch and Fluidization Types
Motion of particle through fluid
Terminal settling velocity
Operating ranges of fluidization
Applications of fluidization
Pneumatic transport


Flow past immersed bodies: Form drag Wall drag Drag coefficients
Friction in flow through bed of solids: Blake-Kozeny Equation Burke-Plummer Equation Ergun equation
Packed Towers: Applications Various types of packing Requirements for a good packing Loading and Flooding
Fluidization: Minimum fluidizing velocity Pressure Drop in Fluidized bed
Jet pump
Selection of pumps
Fans, blowers, and compressors Appendix Key Contributors to Fluid Mechanics


Transportation of fluids: Pump classifications Suction, discharge , net pressure heads, specific speed and power calculations NPSH
Characteristics and constructional details of centrifugal pumps Cavitation Priming
Positive displacement pumps: Piston pumps - single and double acting Plunger pumps Diaphragm pump
Rotary pumps Gear pumps Lobe pumps Screw pumps
Airlift pump